Kicking off on the Oregon Trail
Lesson Plan Item
|Grade||4th Grade||Class||Social Studies||Length of Lesson||20-30 Minutes|
|Lesson Title||Kicking off on the Oregon Trail|
|Unit Title||Immigration out West and Manifest Destiny|
|Unit Compelling Question||What hardships and challenges did real life pioneers face on the Oregon trail?|
The Oregon Trail is a 2,170-mile East-West large-wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail. The trail was developed by fur traders and trappers from 1811-1840, later being cleared of obstacles adequately to allow wagon traffic. The Trail eventually reached to the Willamette Valley, in Oregon. About 400,000 settlers, farmers, miners, ranchers and business owners used the Oregon Trail, traveling for 6 months to a year, across rugged terrain to reach their destination. Part of the Trail was also used by travelers intending to reach areas other than Oregon. Emigrants carried with them supplies for the journey, including staples such as water, flour, sugar, salt and coffee, and salted meat such as bacon, as well as rifles and ammunition to hunt for game along the route. They traveled in covered wagons which offered shelter from the weather, yet were light enough for a team of oxen to pull. Emigrants faced many dangers on the Trail, including dysentery, cholera and other diseases, as well as accidents and drownings. The completion of the first transcontinental railroad in 1869 made the trip west faster, cheaper and safer, and use of the Oregon Trail declined. (Wikipedia and History https://www.history.com/topics/westward-expansion/oregon-trail ).
2018.018.010 This yoke was used to drive the team of oxen that brought William Sunderlin and his family to Iowa in 1856. This bow yoke is carved from a solid piece of wood and is quite heavy. The yoke sat on top of the animals' shoulders and the bentwood bows slid around the neck from the bottom and were secured with the ends poking out the top of the yoke, as is shown in the carved model. The iron ring at the center bottom of the yoke attached to a pole or chain from the wagon or plow. In this way, the oxen could push against the yoke with all their strength. The name of the donor's father, B. H. Jackson, is painted on the yoke.~ Teaching Iowa History Team
|Lesson Supporting Question||What were the hardships that early pioneers faced when they expanded westward? Why would pioneers continue to go west with all of these challenges in the way?|
Manifest Destiny and how it shaped the United States in the mid 1900’s century.
|Primary Sources Used|
|Lesson Themes||Settlers / Pioneers|
(How will you use the formative assessments to monitor and inform instruction?)
(How does the lesson connect to planned summative assessment(s)?)
|Author||Shelby McAllister||Reviewer||Dr. Chad Timm, Simpson College||Created||06/23/2019||Last Edited||09/06/2019|
|Lesson Plan Development Notes: Social Studies Methods, Simpson College, Spring 2019|