Protests During the Civil Rights Movement
Lesson Plan Item
|Grade||5th Grade||Class||N/A||Length of Lesson||1 day|
|Lesson Title||Protests During the Civil Rights Movement|
|Unit Compelling Question||How did the Civil Rights Movement impact American history?|
This photograph, in the collection of the African American Museum of Iowa, shows a protest march that occurred in Fort Madison, Iowa in 1963.
The Civil War ended slavery but it did not bring African-Americans into full and equal participation in American society. While "Jim Crow" laws established legalized segregation across much of the South, the North also discriminated, sometimes through laws but sometimes in practice. Blacks in Iowa established local chapters organizations like the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and sometimes mobilized black churches to promote equal rights.
Even though Iowa law prohibited segregation in public accommodations like hotels, transportation, and restaurants, blacks were often barred or given sub-standard service. Simon Estes growing up in Centerville remembers that their movie theater required him to sit in the balcony. Others recall downtown Des Moines theaters adopted the same practice. Black veterans returning from WW II successfully pressured the University of Iowa to allow them to live in university dormitories. Until then, black students had to find private housing. In 1948, Edna Griffin and two other Des Moines blacks took Katz Drug to court for its refusal to serve them ice cream at its lunch counter. They won their case (and a very small penalty) and Katz opened its food service to all. A Cedar Rapids physician had to pressure local authorities until he was allowed to buy a house in a formerly all-white neighborhood.
During the Civil Rights marches of the 1960s, local groups echoed their own demands for equal treatment. In 1965, Governor Harold Hughes appointed Iowa's first Equal Rights Commission to explore and investigate instances of discrimination. That same year, Iowa NAACP chapters joined with black churches to support Civil Rights efforts in the South. On March 7, local Des Moines blacks formed a march from the Capitol to downtown in support of the Selma to Montgomery marches. The efforts across the South captured the attention of the national news media, but Iowa efforts reflected a demand for equality here as well.~ Dr. Tom Morain, Graceland University
|Lesson Supporting Question||What were the most effective ways of protests during the Civil Rights Era? Why did people protest during the 1960's?|
|Primary Sources Used|
concept_map_lesson_plan_project.docx, protests_during_the_crm.pptx, graphic_organizer_lesson_planning_project.docx
|Lesson Themes||Civil Rights, Lawmaking, African American Experience|
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|Author||Anjali Patel||Reviewer||Dr. Lisa Millsaps, University of Northern Iowa||Created||04/17/2019||Last Edited||06/05/2019|
|Authoring Context: Teaching Methods, University of Northern Iowa, Fall 2018|