What tools did people use in the past to help them with work?
Lesson Plan Item
|Grade||1st Grade||Class||N/A||Length of Lesson||45 Minutes|
|Lesson Title||What tools did people use in the past to help them with work?|
|Unit Title||People at Work|
|Unit Compelling Question||How different are jobs in the past compared to jobs today?|
Tools are an essential part of work for people. As tools evolve, work gets easier to accomplish. Throughout history, many tools that are used for work have changed. There are similarities and differences between the tools of the past and present-day tools. These artifacts help to show what tools workers were using in the past and how they are different from today.
This artifact is a picture of a lawnmower from 1948. The lawnmower shown in this picture does not have a motor and instead relies on a person to do the work to cut the grass. This artifact shows students a tool from the past where they could make a connection to the modern-day version. Depending on the location of the school and if the school has grass, students may already be familiar with the modern lawn mover. This artifact can connect to farming or landscaping as an occupation.
This artifact shows a picture of corn husking gloves that were used in the 1920s and 1930s. These tools were used to help farmers husk corn faster. The corn husking gloves would use a hook on the gloves to help separate the husk (the green outer shell) from the corn. Now farmers can use machines to husk corn. This can be tied to farming as an occupation.
This artifact shows a picture of a microscope from the early 1900s. The microscope was used by doctors to look for different kinds of illnesses. Doctors could look under the microscope and be able to tell which illness was affecting the person. Now we have microscopes that can see many more things than this version of the microscope. This can be tied to the medical profession.
This artifact shows a picture of leg braces in 1896. This tool was used by doctors to help people who had issues walking. These tools were expensive to get for families. Today there are many different kinds of leg braces that can help people with specific problems they may have. This can be tied to the medical profession.
This artifact shows a picture of a hand-drawn hose cart from the early 1900s. This was used as a method of putting out fires before fire engines existed. The cart took about 10 people to move. It had a hose to spray the fire and also a bell attached to the wheels to alert people of a fire. This can be tied to modern-day firefighters.
This artifact shows a picture of an ice crusher that was used to crush ice for things like snowcones or other desserts. This tool was used before air conditioning and electric fridges were invented. Because of this, ice was a big part of people’s lives. This can be tied to modern-day versions of ice machines and how they are used by vendors.
This artifact shows a picture of people working in a factory making buttons. In the factory, you can see them working with tools and handmaking the buttons which is a lengthy process. In this factory, they are making pearl buttons. This can be tied to modern-day methods of button making which are done using machines.
This artifact shows a picture of a camera from 1909. This camera could hold 100 shots before it would need to be sent to be developed. The idea behind this camera was to work better for the average person instead of heavy camera equipment of the past. This can be connected to modern-day cameras and the evolution of photography as a profession.
This artifact shows a picture of a typewriter that was used in the mid-1900s. This typewriter was meant to be portable so people could take it where they wanted. This specific typewriter also had Norwegian letters on it. This tool allowed people to type things up as they needed. This can be connected to modern-day computers and the evolutions of that. It also connects to jobs that require typing such as secretaries.
|Lesson Supporting Question||What do jobs look like now and how are they different from previous years?|
This lesson focuses on the different tools that have been used in the 1900s to today. Students will be asked to think about the time periods of the tools and also how the tools are the same or are different from today’s tools. It also helps students to recognize what types of things each job is doing by looking closely at what they are using to accomplish their job. This lesson is meant to support other parts of the unit by explaining how the tools needed for jobs have changed to help make jobs easier today. This can help students to understand why some jobs got easier or became less relevant; such as factory jobs with the introduction of machinery. In addition, it helps students to think about similarities and differences between two time periods.
|Primary Sources Used|
|Lesson Themes||No themes are assigned for this lesson.|
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|Author||Mackenzie Ritscher||Reviewer||Dr. Chad Timm, Simpson College||Created||06/18/2020||Last Edited||06/18/2020|
|Lesson Plan Development Notes: Social Studies Methods, Simpson College, Spring 2020|