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This photograph shows William S. Browning, one of Winfield, Iowa's, first settlers. Browning's family settled in Iowa in 1854. When the Civil War broke out, Browning enlisted in Company B, 25th Regiment of the Iowa Volunteer Infantry and served through the entire conflict. He was involved in the siege of Vicksburg and Atlanta, marched with Sherman to the sea, and was present at the surrender of the Confederate Army under Joseph E. Johnson near Raleigh, North Carolina. In 1897 he was appointed the postmaster at Winfield. Content can be used with the following standards: SS-US 9-12.23 Iowans Influence US History in a lesson on Iowans involved in the Civil War.
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Object is related to the following library resources, which can be found by searching the catalog number in the advanced search section: Catalog #: 2018.045.040 Biographical Review of Henry County, Iowa 2018.045.041- Profiles of Valor: Iowa's Medal of Honor Recipients of the Civil War 2018.045.046 Enlistments from Iowa during the Civil War 2018.045.052- Iowa: Its History and Its Foremost Citizens 2018.045.063- Iowa in Times of War 2018.045.072- The Story of Iowa: A Children's History 2018.045.073- Border Defense in Iowa During the Civil War 2018.045.075- One Hundred Topics in Iowa History 2018.045.083- A History of the People of Iowa 2018.045.087- Iowa Through the Years 2018.045.138- History of Iowa from the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century 2018.045.158- The History of Henry County 2018.045.143- Iowa Inside Out
During the Civil War, the state of Iowa served in the Union Army with 76,242 Iowan soldiers serving which attributed to 49% of the Iowan male population at the time. While many enlisted, the state had the issue of not having enough ammunition and weapons for each soldier. Governor Samuel Kirkwood advised Greville Dodge to ask Washington officials for help, and was able to recieve weapons (including cannons) while Camp McClellan was established near Davenport, IA as a training site. No major battles took place in the state, however with sharing a border with Missouri (a slave state) meant that raids often found their way into Iowa, in which soldiers fought to defend the border cities from Confederate control. Iowans soldiers also fought in the states of Arkansas, Tennesee, Mississippi and in South Carolina, North Carolina, and Georgia under Union General William Sherman. In addition to fighting, Iowa also assisted the Union by supplying food through farming. Due to the lack of field work since many farmers left to enlist, the work was taken up by the sons and wives of the family. This period of less workers also led to the farming revolution where new technology and farming strategies begin to emerge to make planting and harvesting more efficient in both time and cost. Machines that harvested wheat, hay and grains saved time of what would previously have been done by hand. In total, Iowa had 13,001 casualties (majority to disease rather than injury), 8,500 wounded, 5,000 captured and 152 reported as missing in action at the close of the war.