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2018.038.013 [Interview]

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The subject of this interview is Deno Cejvanovic, a Bosnian native who discusses life after the war and coming to the United States. Deno Cejvanovic and his family immigrated to Waterloo on October 27, 1997 when he was 16. He continued high school after his arrival. He earned an Associate?s degree at Hawkeye Community College and went on to receive his Bachelor?s degree from Upper Iowa University in Business Administration. He is now a successful realtor who is married and has two children. Content can be used with the following standards: 3rd grade SS 3.27 Immigration and Migration and SS-WH 9-12.26 Iowans Influence World History in a lesson on immigrants who sought refuge in Iowa during/following the Bosnian War. For any use other than instructional resources, please check with the organization that owns this item regarding copyright restrictions.

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Following the death of the Yugoslav leader, Josip Broz Tito in 1980, the united Balkan states of Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Slovenia and Macedonia (known together as the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia) began to break apart. A new Serbian leader, Slobadan Milosevic, began to create disruption between the Serbs and Bosnian-Muslims and Croations, claiming that Serbs were dominant over the other nationalities. When Bosnia declared independence in 1992, the Serbs sought to ethnically cleanse the area of all Bosnian-Muslims in order to create a Serbian-dominant state known as "Greater Serbia". In May 1992, the Serbs launched their first attack in Bosnia's capital, Sarajevo. By the end of 1993, Serbs had taken control of nearly 3/4 of the country. Aside from providing humanitarian aid, the United Nations did not intervene. On July 11, 1995, Serbs forces attacked the town of Srebrencia in Bosnia, where they killed 7,000-8,000 civilians over the course of four days. Later that year in August, NATO joined Bosnian and Crotian forces after the Serbs refused a U.N. ultimatum, and launched a three-week attack on Bosnian Serb postions. In November, 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, a peace-treaty talk was held wherein Milosevic agreed to the creation of federalized Bosnia divided between a Serb republic and a Croat-Bosniak federation. In May of 1993, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia was created by the U.N. Secuirty Council to prosecute war crimes of the Serbs. 161 individuals were indicted of war crimes. In 2002, Milosevic was to stand trial against genocide crimes, but after the trial was delayed due to his health, Milosevic eventually passed away in his jail cell.