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This steer-shaped cornice, or decorative mold, originally hung in the Livestock National Bank of Sioux City, Iowa. This bank was started in 1895 to serve different businesses found in Sioux City's stockyards, such as meatpackers. The bank became very popular and later merged with several other banks to form the Northwest Bancorporation. In 1969, the bank merged with another bank and became the Norwest Bank. In 1998, much of the building that housed the steer cornices burned down, however, they remained intact. The building was demolished in 2005, and the cornices were moved to different locations. Four of the cornices, including the one pictured here, are housed at the Sioux City Public Museum. Content can be used with the following standards: SS-Econ. 9-12.24 Iowa Impact Upon Economy in a lesson on Iowan businesses during the late 1800s. For any use other than instructional resources, please check with the organization that owns this item regarding copyright restrictions.
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The Livestock National Bank was created by I.C. Elston and Fred L. Eaton in 1895 to help the stockyard businesses such as meatpackers and commision agencies. The building was constructed by William L. Steele in 1915 and was an addition onto the Sioux City Livestock Exchange Building. The building included terra cotta decor such as the cornices which were representative of Sullivanesque architecture. The bank grew in popularity and merged with several others banks before becoming the Norwest bank under Morningside Savings Bank. As the meat industry began to decline, the bank opened its business to everyone. Today, the former Northwestern bank is run by Wells Fargo.